Posted by: Cornwall Community Museum | November 19, 2017

McIntyre and Campbell Cornwall, Ontario.

McIntyre and Campbell, 116 – 118, Pitt St.

Established in 1869 by John McIntyre and W.J. Kirkpatrick as Kirkpatrick & McIntyre, McIntyre subsequently formed a new partnership with Edwin Kerwin.

Within five years, Campbell became a partner and the enterprise was renamed McIntyre and Campbell, and house in a new commercial block, shown here.

In 1901 they advertised that:  “It has been the business policy if this firm to always work for future trade, that is to sell to customers goods that will warrant them in returning at a later date…”

Interior of McIntyre and Campbell.

To give the best price to the customer they imported all foreign and Canadian made merchandise directly from the manufacturer to cut the middleman’s profit.

A century ago the two story shopping emporium was described in the following words.

“Each floor is 30 x 40 feet in dimensions.  The main store is devoted to the display and sale of dry goods, staples and fancy dress-goods, silks, linens, fancy good, laces, gloves and a thousand other articles both useful and ornamental.  They also devote considerable attention to mantles and tailor made suits for ladies.  Part of the second floor is devoted to carpets, curtains, portieres, blinds, table covers, etc., and the front part of this floor is a dress-making establishment…”

HYGENO was introduced to the market in 1925 and sold for $4, it was made in England.

Acquired at a local house sale in 2013.

“Their line of dry-goods is so extensive that the most particular and exacting may be suited…”

In the 1920s the firm changed its name to P.E. Campbell Ltd., and billed itself as “Cornwall’s Dry Goods and Department Store.”

By the 1930s the name had reverted back to McIntyre and Campbell.

The business closed sometime after World War II.

This is just one of the hundreds of files in the Museum’s archives highlighting Cornwall’s commercial heritage, available for viewing during museum operating hours.

Info.  Cornwallhistory@outlook.com

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Posted by: Cornwall Community Museum | November 19, 2017

Brass Pedlar’s License, ca. 1940.

Brass button pedlar’s (peddler’s) license, Cornwall Township.

Found at a local flea market.

Posted by: Cornwall Community Museum | November 19, 2017

Artifact of the Week. Handmade dressing-screen, ca. 1937

A handmade dressing-screen decorated with glossy magazine pictures, by Mrs. M. Ross-Ross of Lancaster, Ontario, circa. 1937.

The second side of the screen depicts scenes from the British Empire and the Royal Family and coronation of George VI.

This screen was donated to the museum in the late 1950s.

Posted by: Cornwall Community Museum | November 18, 2017

Stampless letter to West Williamsburg P.O., Upper Canada 1833.

A stampless letter sent from Quebec, Dec. 10, 1833, to George Reddington, Esq., Waddington.  Known as a “drop letter”, the sender sent this letter to Upper Canada to be picked up by the American recipient when it arrived.

From 1830 to 1851 the Post Office in what was to become Morrisburg , was called West Williamsburg, after the Township it was located in.  In 1851, under the direction of H.G. Stearns, it was renamed Morrisburg, after James  Morris (1798 – 1865), the United Canada’s first postmaster general from 1851 to 1853.

Quebec 10 December 1833.

George Reddington, Esq.

Dear Sir

We have at last made out to to close sales of your white pine, the delivery of which at the sale in Oct. was only completed a short time ago.  We have not made you any charges for measurement, nor have we charged anything but back culling on that sold the ___ . We found it impossible to obtain our 2 1/2 for it without dress and we enclosed it for your instruct to incur that refund.  We are glad to say it has turned out better than ____ ___, the balance 218 pounds, 5 shillings and 1 pence currency.  We have placed to the credit of Messrs H. Gates & Co. as cash 31 Dec.

We are Dear Sir

Yours truly

James Murray & Co.

George Reddingto was your typical 19th century “Yankee” entrepreneur.  Born in Vermont, he was a lawyer, land speculator, lumber entrepreneur and even served as U.S. Consul to Canada at Prescott.

Go on-line to find out more about this fascinating character.

This document was purchased in 2004 on ebay.

Posted by: Cornwall Community Museum | November 18, 2017

An Accrostic, (acrostic) North Williamsburg, 1850.

To Miss Margaret Bell, N. Williamsburgh

Composed by her friend

Henry   “An Accrostic”  Westenhall

Miss Maggy, Miss Maggy, if I’m rightfully told
Arrived you are to be fourteen year old
Rejoicing no doubt to be so far advanced.
Going up the gay hillhocks, on which I have danced,
As youth has it’s errors, not __ nor yet small,
Rough roads are the places where youth’s arrows must fall
Experience keeps a good school.  I know well.
To teach youth and Age, the Bear and the Belle.
But blessed are those that learn as they grow.
Every evil to shun and s Savior to know.
Led by God’s sweet spirit, Then all will be well
Lord grant this great peace!  To Miss Margaret Bell.

 

 

 

 

Posted by: Cornwall Community Museum | November 17, 2017

Harvest Wreath, aka Farmer’s, 1876.

A Harvest (Farmer’s) Wreath made by Mary Warner (Mille Roches) in 1876, age 19.  Mary married W.M. Heath, son of Arthur Heath.  The wreath was passed down through the family to George McLean.

In original shadow box, size:  71 cm x 111.5 cm; 19 cm deep.

Donated to the Museum in 2008 by George and Catherine McLean of Ottawa.

A card on the back of the wreath reads:

In the making of this wreath, each seed had to be cut open, meat scraped out, dried, glued together and set in place with glue she made herself.

Mrs. Mary Heath displayed the wreath numerous times at the Cornwall Exposition and the 12 mile trip by horse and buggy cause some seeds to loosen.

 

Posted by: Cornwall Community Museum | November 17, 2017

Fraserfield, Williamstown, Ontario.

A 19th century drawing of Fraserfield, Williamstown, donated to the Cornwall Community Museum in 1993 by Mrs. C. Vaughan of Kingston.  The following photographs and manuscript are from this donation.

Manuscript possible date, ca 1920:      FRASER  (Frazer)

Col. and Mrs. Honourable Alexander Fraser of Fraserfield in the Township of Charlottenburg and County of Glengarry.  His wife is Annie Macdonell Lick.  Col. Fraser was born near Fort Augustus, Inverness Shire, Scotland and came with his father, mother, brothers and sisters to Canada early in the present century.  The family settled in the Township of Charlottenburg.  At the breaking out of the war with the United States in 1812 Alexander Fraser was appointed quartermaster of the Canadian Fencible Infantry Regiment, commanded by Col. Peters.  When the Regiment was disbanded at the close of the war, he settled on a farm, at lot 39 and 40 in the first Concession of Charlottenburg, north of the River Aux Raisins, to which he added by purchasing lands until the whole property comprised 1,200 acres.

Fraserfield, 1988 before restoration.

Fraserfield was built for Col. Fraser in 1817.  It is still inhabited.

He was Col. of the 1st Regiment of Glengarry Militia from 1822 until his death.  He represented the County of Glengarry in the Provincial Parliament of Upper Canada for 8 years.  He was Warde of the District and County Council from 1842 to 1850, Registrar of the County of Glengarry for 10 or 12 years before his death and was for several years a member of the Legislative Council of Canada.

Living Room, ca. 1993.

During the Rebellion of 1837 his Regiment of Militia was on duty under his command during the winters of 1838 and 1839, a portion of the time in Lower Canada.

He died in 1853 at the age of 68.  His wife Anne Macdonell Lick, survived him until 1861.  When she died at the age of 64.  His brother Paul was in the Hudson’s Bay Co., his brother Donald was in business in Williamstown and his brother Malcolm got their father’s farm.

Front Hall ceiling, ca. 1993.

One of his sisters married Mr. Waters of the Cedars, another married John Fraser of Lachine.  Their son, John Fraser, now owns the homestead there, which is believed to have been owned more than 200 years ago by the famous explorer, the Sieur de la Salle, and their son Hugh founded the Fraser Institute Montreal.  Anne Macdonell Lick, the wife of Col. A. Fraser, was a daughter of Archibald  Macdonell and his wife, who was of the family of Balrain Lick…Archibald Macdonell was a son of John Macdonell of Lick and his wife Jane Chisholm, daughter of Alexander Chisholm of Chisholm.  Col. Fraser had by his wife Anne Macdonnel Lick, four daughters; Anne, Catherine, Isabella and Mary; 2 sons, Archibald and Alexander.

First floor parlour, circa 1993.

Anne Fraser married Daniel Eugene McIntyre, M.D., Sheriff of the United Counties of SD & G.  They had 7 children.

Mary, died when young.  A daughter of Anne and a son of Alexander F. McIntyre who married Helen Macdonald daughter of Ranald Sandfield Macdonald of Lancaster, Ontario,by whom he had 3 daughters, Christine,Gwendoline and Janet, and 2 sons, Donald and Ranald Eugene.  Anne married George G. Jarvis of Cornwall, son of Judge Jarvis.  A son died in infancy.

Second floor bedroom, ca. 1993.

Catherine Fraser married the Hon. Donald Alexander Macdonald, who represented the County of Glengarry in the Provincial Parliament from 1858 till 1867 and the Dominion from 1868 till 1875 when he was appointed Lt- Gov. of Ontario (To.) which office he held until the summer of 1880.  His wife Catherine died sometime in 1865, leaving a family of 4 daughters and a son.

Daughters were Anne, Margaret, Ida and Mary.  One son was Alexander George Fraser.  Several sons died early in boyhood.

Anne never married.

Margaret married Sir William Hingston, MD of Montreal and has a family of 4 sons.

William, a Jesuit Priest.

Donald.  A medical man, married Lillian Peterson, daughter of Peter Peterson, Civil Engineer, issue 5 daughters.

Basil, married Bertha Larocque of Montreal, issue – Basil and Eileen.  Their father died in the Great War of 1914.

Eileen drowned at Varennes, P.Q.

Harold, married Elizabeth Brown, issue 2 sons.

Ida, married Thomas McCarthy of Syracuse.  Her death tool place in Alexandria.

Mary, married George Campbell MacDougall of Montreal, broker, by whom a daughter Beatrice lives.

1989.

The Museum has more interior shots of Fraserfield in its collection.

Alexander George Fraser Macdonald married Eugenie Hubert, by whom 4 daughters and 7 sons were born.

Isabella Fraser married Jacob Farrand Pringle, issue 10 children, 5 daughters and 5 sons.

Mary Fraser married James Dunbar Pringle.

Archibald Fraser married Mary Scott, daughter of Wm. Scott of Prescott, M.D. and his wife Sarah Macdonell, daughter of Allan Macdonell, who died leaving issue 4 daughters 2 sons Alexander and Chisholm.

Alexander married Miss Lillie Shaw by whom there was a son Berford Archibald.

Harriet Isabella married F.A. Anglin of To., who is Chief Justice of the Surpreme Court in Toronto, issue 3 daughters 2 sons.

Catherine unmarried.

Sarah married – Leaske – Anne Alex and Chisholm  died.

 

 

Posted by: Cornwall Community Museum | November 15, 2017

Courtaulds (Canada) Ltd., Cornwall employee cruise on the S.S. Rapids Prince

The “Rapids Prince” docked at Cornwall after World War II.

Local businesses, industries, churches and service clubs booked the vessel for summer river cruises.  The next few photographs are from a series donated to the museum by Ransom Ledoux showing Courtaulds Cornwall employees enjoying such an outing.

Many more are on display at the museum as part of the Courtaulds Cornwall exhibit.

The “gang” enjoying some beverages on the “Rapids Prince”.  Not everyone was drinking 7-Up, if you look carefully, you will see that some of the straws are in beer bottles.

One happy employee leading sin-along.  This may be Bill Thomas.

The only names we have are:  Ernie McDonald, Florence Lemire, Helen Gillie and Nora Cross.  If you can help let us know.

You can find  more photographs like the above and information about river life in THE LIVING RIVER, secrets of the St. Lawrence.

Available only at the Cornwall Community Museum for $30.

Info.  613 936-0280; cornwallhistory@outlook.com.

Posted by: Cornwall Community Museum | November 8, 2017

German Plan to Invade Canada, World War II.

German Plan to Invade Canada, World War I.

When World War I broke out in August 1914, and the British Empire marched off to war, it was by no means certain that the United States would go to battle against Germany, given their isolationist politics and the large number of German immigrants living in America.

Even before the war had begun, Imperial German military officials planned to take advantage of the many narrow river crossings between the U.S. and Canada.  The crossing at Cornwall and the proximity to Ottawa and Canada’s largest city Montreal made the Eastern Ontario section of the St. Lawrence River, with its canals, railways and railway bridges, particularly vulnerable.

Mounted Militia guarding the Ottawa and New York Central Railway Bridge at Cornwall, World War I.

A plot to invade through the U.S. was concocted by Captain von Papen, Military Attache to the German Embassy in Washington D.C.  The scheme was to be put into motion by one Max L. Louden, who assumed the alias Count von Loudow, in the guise of an officer in the Prussian Guard.  At the time, German reservists in the U.S. numbered 150,000 men.

Count von Loudow travelled to Ottawa to obtain military maps of hte St. Lawrence Frontier from the Canadian Dept. of Militia and Defense, and then took them back to Washington.

The maps were distributed to various patriotic German-American organizations acting as fronts for the German Army.  Fuelled by a budget if $16 million, rifles and ammunition had been secured and sequestered in the numerous German-run breweries near the Canadian border.  Once war was declared, “it had been arranged to send (Reservists), from large cities following the announcements of feats and conventions.”

Reservists were to assemble at strategic border points and cross over the International Boundary in rented charter boats and attack the Welland Canal near Niagara, Windmill Point near Prescott, and Cornwall from across the St. Lawrence River.  Von Louden was to lead the invasion at Cornwall, cutting telegraph, telephone and railway lines leading to Ottawa.  This would undermine the Canadian militia’s ability to issue general mobilization orders.

Squadron “D” 4th Hussars, at Mille Roches.  They patrolled the Cornwall Canal and St. Lawrence River from Prescott to Cornwall from the outbreak of the war in 1914.

However, the scheme was uncovered, not by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, as might be expected, since the St. Lawrence was their beat.  The invasion was foiled by officials of the American Dept. of Justice, who were striving to maintain their country’s neutrality.  The arrested von Louden on charges of bigamy in Buffalo at the start of the war.

More about the history of the St. Lawrence River can be found in THE LIVING RIVER – SECRETS OF THE ST. LAWRENCE, from Montreal to Cornwall to Prescott.

Illustrated with more than 150 historic images the book examines river traffic, the Long Sault Rapids, the St. Lawrence Seaway and Ontario Hydro Project, the Lost Villages, Smuggling, military history and much more.

Available at the Cornwall Community Museum $30.

The Museum is open Wed. to Sun. 11 am to 4 pm.

Info.  cornwallhistory@outlook.com;  613 936-0280

 

 

 

Posted by: Cornwall Community Museum | November 8, 2017

World War I – letter from Home – Cornwall

World War I postcard to home – Northfield Station.

The postcards were from and sent to Private William Dixson, a member of the 2nd Battalion, CEF, he was killed in action.

This photograph is from CANADA’S HEROES in the GREAT WORLD WAR, Cornwall, Alexandria, Vankleek Hill, Hawkesbury and Intermediate Points, Memorial Edition, Vol. 1, 1921.

This book is full of photographs of men who signed up from the area, and as such is a very important resource tool.

Cornwall April 2, 1917.

Dear Son:

As usual I have neglected writing you until I am ashamed of my negligence and hardly know what excuse to make.  The weight of years resting upon my shoulders must bear the blame since on other cause is convenient.  If I live till the 14tth day of this month I’ll finish my 95th year.  I have no recollection of seeing either of my grandfathers as both had passed away before I reached the age of boyhood and I have not seen or heard any records of the ages of our ancestors in earlier times.

We have still the remnants of a severe winter in the woods and sheltered places around.  The frost has been unusually intense and the snow more abundant than for many years.  Many old people and several young have succumbed to attacks of grip and pneumonia.  Many have passed away and another generations are now occupying their positions.

There are now ten teachers in the High School and 13 in the Public

World War I era postcard, Cornwall High School.

Edwardian era postcard of Cornwall Public School (Central), published by R.M. Pitts & Co., Cornwall.

The same number of churches continue to supply the demand but the men who occupy the pulpits are all different and nearly the same may be said of those now occupying the pews.  St. John’s is the only one which has been rebuilt since you left and is the finest ecclesiastic edifice in the Town.

The Cotton industry is the largest, and the Modern Bedstead, and the Chair the Furniture since the war began the manufacture of Bomb cases have given people profitable employment.

I am surprised at the views you expressed in your letter regarding the war.  I cannot imagine how you could acquire such opinions.  The papers of New York which reach us here seem to form and express views favourable to the Allies, and the American Republic is about to declare that the war exists against the U.S. by the piratical acts of Germany.  The wonder is how or why the U.S. stood out so long.

Cornwall as wells as all parts have contributed men to the army.  The young men here are very few.  Several from Knox Church congregations (about 30) are in the army and the same is true regarding St. John’s and Methodist and Episcopal and Catholics.

Knox Church with the steeple.

Several men have been slain and have returned wounded so as to be unfit for service.  Fred Grant son of Duncan Grant near the High School, a son of Mr. Monk, manager of the Bank of Montreal living opposite the house, and the son of Mr. Wereley next door were wounded.

The stories you must have heard regarding the savagery of Canadians are false.  The Germans have committed such barbarities during the whole war that they had to invent some excuse for their diabolical acts which had no parallel in modern times.  The Kaiser started the war for the purpose of dominating the world for which he had prepared an army which had been in course of preparation with the war with France, and he found himself ready made an excuse after the assassination the heir to the throne of Austria and started the invasion of Belgium which had no connection with the case, and ever since conducted the war with such barbarism as has no equal in modern history and hardly and similarity in the history of the world.

Please write soon.  Trusting this will find you all well and with love and good wishes to all,

Your father,                       A.W. McNaughton.

This letter was donated in 1999.

In November 1914, “A” Company of the 59th Bn., left for England to become part of the Canadian Expeditionary Force’s 21st Bn., 2nd Division.  Throughout the war local men served in the 2nd, 38th, and 154th Battalions.

Altogether more than 700 local men served in Europe, seeing action at Hill 70, Amiens, Ypres 1917, Arras 1918 and along the Hindenburg Line and during the pursuit to Mons.

War casualties included more than 234 killed and 397 wounded.

World War I and World War II will be remembered throughout November in a Remembrance Month exhibit at the museum, open Wed. to Sunday, 11 am to 4 pm.

Admission is free.

613 936-0280

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