Posted by: Cornwall Community Museum | April 23, 2014

Artifact of the Week. District Cheese Inspection Trophy, Easterm Ontario, 1917.


American sterling silver trophy engraved “District Cheese Inspection Trophy, Eastern Ontario, The Montreal Produce Merchant’s Association, 1917.  Made by the International Silver Company, height: 23 cm.  Donated in 2004 by Constance Horbas.

From the early 20th century until after World War II, cheese making was Cornwall and Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry’s primary industry.  The industry was overseen by the Cornwall Cheese and Butter Board formed in 1898, “…to standardize, upgrade and educate the history.”

scan0012 The history of the Cornwall Cheese and Butter Board was written in 1919 by Harlow M. Stiles


This profusely illustrated and indexed 306 book curiously provides the best overview of Cornwall’s post war economic life available.



A silverplate lapel pin presented to Cheese Board members by the Canadian National Salt Co., Windsor, Ontario, 1914.


The cheese factory system of Eastern Ontario could not survive World War II.  Producing cheddar for the British market, the producers saw this market disappear due to post war rationing.  At the same time that the Canadian cheddar market was in decline, new health regulations required the dairymen to upgrade their facilities.  Unable to meet the new health standards due to raising costs and shrinking markets many of the over 100 cheese factories closed or were bought by Kraft Cheese, which still operates in Eastern Ontario.  Today, only St. Albert’s Cheese still carries on the tradition of local cheese making.




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In The Wood House at the waterfront, Cornwall, Ontario, Canada

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