Posted by: Cornwall Community Museum | September 10, 2014

Artifact of the Week – Bayonets, Ross Rifle and P1907 Enfield sword bayonet.


Three World War I bayonets.  Top:  Ross Rifle Co., Quebec, patented, 1907.  Middle a Ross Rifle bayonet that was taken home after the War and turned into a knife.  The bayonet was originally issued to A.J. Dickey of Williamsburg.  Dickey served in the 11th Battalion of the Canadian Expeditionary Force in Europe.  The bottom bayonet is a P1907 English Enfield Rifle sword bayonet, issued to George Montgomery of the 154th Battalion CEF.


The hilts and handles of the three bayonets.  The quillion on the bottom bayonet was originally meant to deflect an opponents blades.  More or less useless it was discontinued.100_2257[1]

Two Ross Rifle bayonets.  One as weapon, the second turned into a tool after the War.


George Montgomery’s P1907 bayonet.

scan0002Piper George Montgomery on the left, led the 154th (Cornwall) Battalion into battle during World War I.  Montgomery re-enlisted with the SD & G Highlanders in 1932 and four years later became Piper Major.  Montgomery was subsequently inducted into the Glengarry Celtic Music Hall of Fame.  The P1907 bayonet and postcard were donated to the Cornwall Community Museum by Ron Begg, Montgomery’s nephew.

These bayonets are part of the Museum’s World War I exhibit which will run until the end of November, 2014.


  1. The piper standing beside George Montgomery is my father-in-law Charles Duncan MacMillan

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