Posted by: Manager / Associate Curator | December 21, 2015

Historic Cornwall – Glebe & District

The Glebe (or Clergy Reserve) was one of the early suburbs in the former Cornwall Township that became a Cornwall neighbourhood on January 1, 1957 when the City annexed much of the Township. The name Glebe no longer appears on Cornwall maps.

Originally the Glebe was bounded on the south by Cornwall (north side of Ninth Street), on the east by Marlborough Street, on the west by Cumberland Street and on the north by the GTR tracks.

Bolton's Meat Mkt_Jennifer Bolton-McMillan

Various businesses have come and gone along St. Andrews Road (Pitt Street), such as this family business.

Glebe Shacks_wm

Some of the former residences, such as this one from the Ninth and Cumberland Street area, didn’t come remotely close to today’s building standards.

Sydney Street had been extended just slightly beyond the Square Mile, providing access to the train station in the Glebe.

Train Stn_WM
The buildings from left to right are the station and attached dining room, freight shed and the Broderick Hotel as evidenced by the 1916 Fire Insurance Plan below. Note the tracks on both sides of the station. The southerly set of tracks was for the use of Cornwall Street Light & Railway; a street car with its trolley is visible on the right edge of the photo.

P87-101.317_street car at C N stn FXAnd here is another street car at the C.N. station.

1885_Update_1916_FIP_Stn

Lalonde Ready MixIn the heart of the Glebe at 255 Tenth Street East was Lalonde Ready-Mix; today it is operated by Lafarge Canada.

Immediately west of Lafarge, Cornwall Electric erected its consolidated offices and base of operations at 1001 Sydney Street.

aerial_1970-09_9th Pitt St_webThis 1970 aerial photo gives a glimpse of the intersection of Pitt and Ninth Street prior to the redevelopment of that neighbourhood. The shopping centre, Health Unit and re-alignment of Pitt Street between 9th and 11th Streets were not yet a reality.

Loblaws Superstore_1994_webIn this 1994 colour aerial image we see the Health Unit, the retail center which then housed Canadian Tire and the Loblaws Superstore as well as the Cornwall Electric headquarters. The gas station shown near the n.w. corner of Pitt and 9th St has now been replaced by a small mall which includes the Family Corner Restaurant and previously Bunsmaster. The shopping center in the next block has since been reconfigured a bit and Canadian Tire moved a block east to a new building.

 

Among the more widely known properties facing the Glebe was a neighbourhood general store at 933 Marlborough Street.

Jay Sookman's General Store_933 Malborough St at Oliver Lane

That area was criss-crossed by rail tracks as seen in this photo from an anonymous donor. This is in the area of Marlborough Street and Tenth Street East looking east towards McConnell Avenue.

Glebe tracks_Chris Granger

In time the area immediately north of the Glebe became populated and was known as the Glebe District. The District was bounded on the south by the GTR tracks, on the east by Marlborough Street, on the west by Cumberland Street and ran north to about Twelfth Street.

The Glebe District included the House of Industry & Refuge. Contrary to what some assert, Cornwall’s original House of Refuge was in the original Square Mile Town on Water Street. In June of 1911 the sod was turned and in October of the same year the second (United Counties) House of Industry & Refuge opened on the former Wm A. Craig farm. The 140 acre property, half of which was under cultivation when it opened, was designed to house 30 “inmates” and swelled to 100+ by 1949.  Grounds keeping was initially performed using jail labour. 906 “inmates” are known to have been housed there between 1913 and 1952. At least 45 persons were buried at the site in “pauper’s graves” between 1913 and 1939. Some of the unmarked graves were unearthed during two separate excavations. In 1985 29 of these were re-interred at St. Lawrence Valley Cemetery; a collective monument was erected at the cemetery in 2016. By 1932 the facility was renamed as the original Glen-Stor-Dun Lodge, Home for the Aged.

houserefuge1

hor__0002-cr

Glen-Stor-Dun Lodge outgrew the site and in February of 1952 moved to a brand new facility in East Front.

St. Mikes_2012-13.1_webLater in 1952 St. Michael’s Academy, an all-girls’ private Catholic boarding school, made use of the former Glen-Stor-Dun Lodge site, with an initial 80 out-of-town boarders and some locals. In 1955, with a $200,00 extension, the school operated 12 classrooms, a chapel and auditorium. 1958 saw the addition of a grotto for Marian devotion. By 1962 more than 300 students attended the school which was divided into a bilingual and an Anglophone section. That same year a a Home Economics section was constructed. Four and five year programmes (Grade 12 and Grade 13) were offered.

After the school closed, the ConvaLodge nursing home (for adults of any age) took over the remaining 11 acre site in 1970, with 118 beds after renovations.

In the 1980s, some of the north part of property was sub-divided for a residential neighbourhood. Barns were converted to townhouses, which eventually succumbed to fire. New dwellings were also erected in 1985 on what is now Gretchen Court.

Still more recently the property has operated as a series of seniors’ nursing homes – Best View, VersaCare and now Heartwood. Ca. 1999, VeraCare added a new wing.

The former Cornwall Fair Grounds on Pitt Street, north of Eleventh Street, became the site of Victory Housing on what is now Vimy, Dunkirk, Dieppe, and Twelfth Streets.
WTH_94-10.149 Enh Cr

1879-fair-grounds

On this 1879 map the Fair Grounds were labelled as a “Race Course”. The 1906 Town Plan labels it as “Cornwall Fair Grounds”. It is referred to as the “Exhibition Grounds” on 1915 and 1937 County maps. The Fair Grounds were the home of the annual Cornwall Fair as well a handy location close to the Train Station when the Circus came to town.

In 1902-03 a pre-cursor to the current Cornwall Golf and Country Club was located on the west side of Pitt Street across from the Fair Grounds. It was the second in a succession of five golf club sites, culminating with the present site on the former Guy Carleton Colquhoun farm.

Stormont Cold Storage Co-op_220 11th St W_99-61.15_web CRAmong the historic businesses in the western portion of the Glebe was Stormont Cold Storage Co-operative / Red & White Store at 220 11th St. W. Later Bunsmaster Bakery occupied the facility.

Stormont LumberA bit west of there was Stormont Lumber at 390 11th St. W. Cornwall Gravel / Grant Ready Mix occupies that site now.

Stormont Lumber_Ltr hd_ca 1955 _web

Stor Lum and Bldrs Supply_Phillip LavignePhillip Lavigne donated this Stormont Lumber yard stick to our collection.

To return to our main post on Historic Cornwall neighbourhoods, please follow this LINK.


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

w

Connecting to %s

Categories

Cornwall Industry

A Cornwall Community Museum Blog

Cornwall Canal and Shipping History

A Cornwall Community Museum Publication

Cornwall Community Museum

In The Wood House at the waterfront, Cornwall, Ontario, Canada

%d bloggers like this: