Posted by: Cornwall Community Museum | November 5, 2017

Victory Loans, Cornwall and the United Counties of SD & G, World War II

scan00199th Victory Loan billboard on the King George Hotel, October, 1945.

scan0020On August 25, 1939, guards were placed along the St. Lawrence Canal and at the Cornwall Armoury.

Six days later Nazi Germany attacked Poland.  Immediately, the Canadian government authorized the formation of the 1st and 2nd Canadian Divisions and called an emergency session of Parliament.

On Sept 10, 1939, Canada declared war, ushering in six long years of world conflict.

Cornwall a town of 14,000 was immediately united in its response.  Contributing over 4,000 men and women to the war effort, equally represented by English and French speaking Cornwallites, the town boasted one of the highest volunteer rates in Canada.

scan0021The citizens of Cornwall purchased $10,985,600 worth of war bonds, or some $100,000 in today’s terms.

scan0023Canada Cottons showing support for the 5th Victory Loan.

Locally, the SD & G Highlanders were mobilized on June 18, 1940, as an infantry unit of the 3rd Canadian Division  under the command of Lt-Col. Franklin.

In July of 1941, the Glens’ 1st Battalion, now commanded by Lt.-Col. Hicks-Lyne were sent to Britain.  On D-Day, June 6, 1944, the Glens landed in Normandy.  Back at home, Cornwall gave 100% to the war effort.

With most European rayon production under German hegemony, Courtaulds retooled to produce cord yarn  for truck and bomber tires, as well as parachute fabric.  Canadian Cottons and Cornwall Pants made uniforms.  Howard Smith printed blueprint paper for scale plans to design weapons.  Ives Bedding produced bunk beds, while Bingley Steel repaired vessels in the drydocks.

scan0024In the west end, Stormont Chemicals was opened under great secrecy for the production of chemical weapons.

To prepare for the end of the war, 89 homes were built for veterans.

scan0025On Tuesday May 8, 1945 the War in Europe ended, and mayor Horovitz proclaimed a day of prayer and rejoicing.

Of the 4,000 Cornwallites who served throughout the conflict, 183 were killed in action:  ten sailors; 109 soldiers and 64 airmen.

Throughout the month of November the Museum will be hosting an exhibit in remembrance of those who sacrificed their lives in both World Wars.

Admission is free, the museum is open Wed. to Sun., 11 to 4 pm.

Information:  613 936-0280.


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Cornwall Industry

A Cornwall Community Museum Blog

Cornwall Canal and Shipping History

A Cornwall Community Museum Publication

Cornwall Community Museum

In The Wood House at the waterfront, Cornwall, Ontario, Canada

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